Playing god in frankenstein essays

Most everything humans do, from medicine to modern forms of sanitation, are “unnatural”, and most are not considered morally objectionable as a consequence. However, inciting differentiated nuclei to behave as undifferentiated nuclei was thought to be impossible, since the conventional wisdom at the time was that once a cell was differentiated (e. g., once it became a cardiac cell, a liver cell, or a blood cell) it could never reverse into an undifferentiated state. If this objection is successful, if recreating a pre-existing genetic code is intrinsically morally objectionable, then it would seem to present an objection to the actual cloning process. Response 1: Cloning a child to be a reincarnation of someone else is a grotesque, fun-house mirror distortion of parental expectations” (2001). Genesis via sexual reproduction is neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for being born to a set of loving parents and in a nurturing environment. The Argument. Genetically speaking, a cloned child would be her genetic predecessor’s identical twin sibling. Cloning is not to be equated with genetic modification or enhancement (Wachbroit, 1997; Although Missy died before she was successfully cloned, Hawthorne banked her DNA in the hopes of ultimately succeeding in this endeavor.

Tierney, 2007).  Moreover, advocates of this objection caution against removing God from the process of creation altogether, which, it is argued, is what reproductive cloning achieves (Rikfin, 2000). Response 1: Unless the child’s life is so bad that her nonexistence would be preferable, I did not make the child worse off by conceiving her and giving birth to her with those impairments, and thus I did not harm her. That is, while we ought not to prevent anyone from procreating, we are not required to provide them with any technology whatsoever in order to enable them to procreate if they cannot do so by their own means. Thomas Murray continues his article by disclosing that he too is a grieving father, having suffered the death of his twenty-year-old daughter who was abducted from her college campus and shot. However, some concerns have been raised. The predominate theme underlying arguments against human cloning is that the cloned child would undergo some sort of physical, social, mental, or emotional harm. Because they are genetically identical, the match would be guaranteed (the converse could also hold, that is, the older individual could serve as a donor for the clone should the latter ever need it. Harris, 2004; Zulewski, 2001), and limb paralysis (Kay and Henderson, 2001).

One current obstacle for the successful use of embryonic stem cells for disease therapy concerns immunological rejection. If you want to blow milk out your nose, you are at the right place. Positive right to procreate. One response is to distinguish between a positive right to procreate and a negative right to procreate (Pearson, 2007), and argue that reproductive liberty can be fully respected in the latter sense, and only conditionally respected in the former sense. Indeed, safety concerns led the National Bioethics Advisory Commission (1997) to recommend a temporary, rather than permanent, moratorium on human reproductive cloning. The Argument. If we engage in cloning, this objection goes, we run the risk of inserting our will too much into our procreative decisions; American Medical Association, 2003; Robertson, 1998). Human clones have often been depicted in movies as nothing but carbon copies of their genetic predecessor with no minds of their own (e. g., Multiplicity and Star Wars: Keith Campbell successfully cloned two mountain sheep, Megan and Morag, from embryonic sheep cells.

Yet cloning, Murray continues, “can neither change the fact of death nor deflect the pain of grief” (2001). The tissue could be experimented upon to understand why disease occurs. Unless the cloned child’s life is made so horrible by her disabilities that it would have been better that she not been born at all, she was not harmed by being brought into existence via cloning, even if she is born with genetic defects as a result. A cloned child would be gestated in a different uterine environment. If a person were to believe that genetic determinism is true, then it follows that she believes that a cloned person would be psychologically identical with her genetic predecessor because they are (almost) genetically identical. Because he could recreate his son’s genes, he could recreate his son as a person. They have a further obligation to provide me with any services that I would need to ensure my survival. In 2001, the first feline created via somatic cell nuclear transfer was born. This was the first time the process had been accomplished for mammalian reproduction. One study claims that as many as 73% of fertilized eggs do not survive to 6 weeks gestation (Boklage, 1990). Playing god in frankenstein essays.